7 Common Types of Waterproofing Materials (Benefits, Uses and Costs) | waterproof (2023)

There are many types of waterproof materials. As you know, impregnation will make a huge difference in your life. Without the right type of waterproofing, your home is in big trouble. Sealing is vital for many purposes. It's great at home, in your vehicle, for various garments, and even on the family boat. Remember that not all waterproofing materials are suitable for all uses. Therefore, you need to make sure that you get the right types of waterproofing materials for your unique needs.

There are many types of waterproof materials. Some of the best and most common are: polyurethane, cement lining, EPDM rubber, rubberized asphalt, thermoplastic, bituminous membrane and PVC waterproof membrane.In this article, you'll learn about the common types of waterproofing materials, the benefits they have when used correctly, and their total cost.


7 Common Types of Waterproofing Materials (Benefits, Uses and Costs) | waterproof (1)

Although there are many types of waterproofing materials, not all are created equal. For many people,polyurethanewill be the best option. It offers numerous advantages and many of them are not available with the alternatives. Therefore, you should learn all you can about this type of waterproofing before investing your time or money. This will ensure that you find the best material for your specific needs. This material creates a seamless waterproof membrane. This can make a big difference. Also, this waterproofing material fills all hairline cracks. It can reduce the water absorption of concrete. Another thing to keep in mind is that this material hardens the surface of the concrete.

It does this by penetrating deep into the surface. There are some risks here. You have to understand that these things can be dangerous. If the material comes into contact with the skin, there is a risk of adverse health effects. They can be short or long term. At the same time, they can be dangerous if inhaled. It makes sense to leave the application process to a professional. Otherwise, you are putting yourself at risk. Liquid polyurethane membranes can be used for many purposes. For example, you can seal pedestrian platforms, water tanks, ponds, porches, roofs, bridges, parking decks, and much more. It is a very versatile material that can be used for many applications.

The liquid polyurethane membrane offers many advantages. For example, it can help resist water and won't leak at seams or areas. The material is also permeable to water vapor. Ensures adhesion on the entire surface. Another thing to keep in mind is that polyurethane is great because it can resist oils, detergents, and other chemicals. It excels in this particular category. On average, it is estimated that this material has a useful life of around 25 years. This ensures that it will protect your home for a long time.

This type of roofing material is slightly more expensive than others. You should expect to pay around $70 for a cube. On average, it will cost you up to $10 per square foot. However, the price can be cheaper. Ultimately, the material works well for its intended purpose, but there are some risks involved. Therefore, you should be careful when investing in this material.

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cement lining

7 Common Types of Waterproofing Materials (Benefits, Uses and Costs) | waterproof (2)

Cement liner is a powder composed of sand, organic and inorganic chemicals, and silica-based substances. When the active ingredients combine with the lime, it triggers a hydration reaction, creating an airtight seal. Many specialists prefer to work with this type of coating because it is very easy to use.

As mentioned above, waterproof cementitious coating is extremely easy to apply. Most brands recommend mixing the eyeliner with a certain amount of tap water before applying. Some experts use an acrylic additive to create a more durable solid coating.

Mix the cement product according to the manufacturer's instructions. Add the cement layer and mix well. If you choose to use an acrylic additive, it can be added after the cementitious coating.

Like any other type of waterproofing product, cement has its pros and cons. The main benefit of the product is its ease of use. The main disadvantage is the lack of flexibility. This is probably because cement isn't very flexible to begin with. Although concrete bends, bends, compresses, and stretches, it is minimal.

Cementitious waterproofing products are used for various purposes. Professionals use them to waterproof concrete structures such as foundations, walls, driveways, and sidewalks. You can use this type of waterproofing for a variety of concrete applications. By following the manufacturer's instructions, you will have a permanent waterproof seal that will last for many years.

These impregnating products are also used to treat water retention structures, concrete tunnels and tanks, and water treatment plants. Cementitious impregnating products are available in liquid and spray forms. It really depends on what you are going to use the product for. So you know which type you need to buy. Smaller areas can easily be treated with the spray formula. The liquid formula works best on larger surfaces.

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When using waterproof cement liners to treat potable water tanks, you must ensure that they meet ANSI/NSF 61 standards. This standard pertains to potable water treatment. It establishes that lead must not be used in products for the treatment of drinking water. Before investing in any cement product, you must first determine the NSF 61 status.

Various types of cementitious waterproofing products are available on the market. These options include CEM-KOTE Flex ST, CEM-KOTE CW Plus, ADI-CON CW Plus, CEM-KOTE Flex CR, and CEM-KOTE Barrier Cote100. Each of these products is unique and therefore more suitable for certain applications than others.


7 Common Types of Waterproofing Materials (Benefits, Uses and Costs) | waterproof (3)

EPDM rubber is a very effective material for sealing your roof. It is a synthetic rubber material that can be used in different situations. Corresponds to resistance class M, manufactured from ethylene and propylene. Although often associated with silicone, the two materials are very different. EPDM rubber is primarily used to provide a waterproof coating for roofs. For this purpose it works very well. It is also used in vehicles. In this type of environment, rubber is used to seal windows, trunks, and even wood.

It can also be found in vehicle heaters, oil coolers, water pumps, thermostats, and other places. The material is waterproof, but it can also generate noise in vehicles. The material is recyclable and flexible. On top of that, it's efficient. At the low end, you end up paying $3.25 per square foot. At most, you pay almost $15 per square foot. Note that it comes in two thicknesses, 45 and 60 mil. The thickness you choose ultimately changes the price.

rubberized asphalt

Another waterproofing material is rubberized asphalt. This material is excellent for protecting your home from the elements. However, it is mainly found on the roofs of commercial establishments. Hot Rubber Asphalt 790-11 is best suited for two specific applications. Whether it is extensive greenery constructions or intensive roofing constructions, you should use this material. This will prevent problems and give you the best results. This material is sometimes used to provide a waterproof cover for RVs and RVs. Rubberized asphalt has a lot to offer. For example, it is very difficult.

It can take whatever Mother Nature throws its way. At the same time, it is very flexible and the water vapor permeability is very low. This ensures you get good results. The material is commonly used to waterproof bridges, plazas, parking lots, and commercial roofs. When used over concrete, the material can help reduce cracking, noise and aquaplaning. It also increases the durability of the underlying material.

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The cost of this material depends on the size of the treatment area. However, you can buy a 4.75 gallon bucket for around $50. The material usually dries within 3-4 hours of application.


7 Common Types of Waterproofing Materials (Benefits, Uses and Costs) | waterproof (4)

Another very popular waterproofing material is thermoplastic. This material may not be the cheapest on the market, but it offers many advantages. For example, it is one of the most resistant waterproofing materials on the market. On average, it can offer a waterproof durability of 50 years or more. This makes it last longer than many of the alternatives. When properly heated, the material transforms from a solid to a semi-solid. This allows a professional to seal sheets or plates together. In turn, this makes the thermoplastic seal more useful. The material also includes elastomers.

This means that it can withstand impact much better than some of the other materials mentioned. Thermoplastic impregnations can be used for a multitude of purposes. It is especially good for bubble situations. For starters, it would be great for oil booms, spill guards, inflatable boats, rails, storage bags, and more. The material is also often used for pharmaceuticals. It has the ability to keep out air and liquids, making it excellent for making food and water storage bags.

The material can also be used for fabrics and clothing. In industrial settings, a TPU coating can help protect tents, flexible ducting, curtains, pipe plugs and more. It is also commonly used for split panels, property lines, elevator shafts, tanks, fountains, and decks. The only downside to this type of material is the fact that it costs a bit more than the others on this list. It is also much more difficult to drive. This is the case when you install it on your roof. You can pay up to $10 per pound for thermoplastic. Thermoplastic sheeting can cost as much as $42 per 48-inch roll.

bitumen membrane

7 Common Types of Waterproofing Materials (Benefits, Uses and Costs) | waterproof (5)

Next you haveDiaphragms can smell. Bituminous seals are well suited for many applications. This type of waterproofing is ideal for commercial and residential buildings. To create this type of waterproofing, bitumen is combined with a mixed substance. Remember that bitumen is either asphalt or coal tar. The mixed substance is usually organic liquids that are very sticky. In addition, they are viscous and waterproof. This makes the material very effective for this specific purpose. At the same time, you should know that it can be useful for many applications. For example, it is often used to build roofs. It is available in the form of roofing sheets and roofing felt.

Unfortunately, there are some disadvantages associated with bituminous waterproofing membranes. For example, you should know that the material is mainly made of petroleum. Therefore, it is not considered a sustainable construction product. Another thing to keep in mind is that this material does not work well in areas with extreme temperatures. If it is exposed to extreme temperatures and a lot of UV radiation, its lifespan will be significantly reduced. You should also know that this material is flammable. This can also cause other problems. Some vapors will be generated when applying this material. These vapors can cause respiratory problems in the future.

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While the material works well for its intended purpose, you should be very careful with it. Finally, it can cause some health problems and is not indicated for all areas. This type of sealing is not very expensive. On average, it costs around $1,000 to seal the entire roof with this material. However, the maximum cost per square foot is around $5.21. The minimum cost is around $2.73. With this in mind, most people will be able to afford this type of waterproofing material.

PVC waterproofing membrane

7 Common Types of Waterproofing Materials (Benefits, Uses and Costs) | waterproof (6)

Finally, you have PVC cone material. This is an ordinary polyvinyl chloride roofing material. It is mainly used to waterproof roofs. You will find that PVC impregnation has many advantages. For starters, it is waterproof. You can guarantee that it will keep the water out. It is also vapor permeable which will prove to be a great benefit. This type of waterproof material provides a reinforcing base. The base is usually made of fiberglass or polyester fabric. While it is primarily used for roofing, it is also commonly used for tunnels, swimming pools, and underground structures.

You can choose between reinforced or non-reinforced membranes. Both are equally beneficial. With reinforced membranes you have more durability. With the alternative, you have more flexibility and peace of mind knowing the material won't break. One thing that sets PVC apart from others is the fact that it is very easy to install and has a significantly longer lifespan. The only possible flaw is the fact that this material allows moisture to escape from the roof area of ​​the building.

It is possible to buy PVC waterproofing sheets in rolls. They are generally available in lengths from 60 to 75 feet. Cost varies, but you can expect to pay up to $55 per foot for this waterproof material.

final thoughts

Ultimately, there are many unique types of waterproof materials. Some are more effective than others. With that in mind, you should know that not everyone is the same. Therefore, you need to spend some time and energy figuring out which one is best suited to the unique needs of your project. You should research these materials to find out which ones are most effective for your exact application. You learned more about these materials above. Take your time and find the one that best suits your home.

Related questions

What is waterproofing with cement?

Cementitious waterproofing is a unique type of waterproofing that is based on cement. When used correctly, cement can provide a moisture barrier for cement walls and floors. The barrier is supplied in the form of epoxy or latex compounds. These are applied as waterproofing for the basement or other foundations. Suffice it to say,cement waterproofingit can be very beneficial for many purposes. However, it is mainly used in basements or crawl spaces. This type of impregnation is excellent as long as it is used for the correct applications.

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How does crystalline impregnation work?

In your search you will most likely come across the term crystalline impregnation. You may not fully understand it. Crystal clear waterproofing is an effective and inexpensive way to waterproof your home. In such a situation, the professional uses a silicone-based lens to waterproof the object in question. A contact angle is created between the surface of the material and the liquid drop. The angle must be greater to ensure that the surface is hydrophobic. This technique modifies the energy of the surface to ensure that it is protected from water.

One of the best aspects of crystalline impregnation is that it works exceptionally well. Plus, it's easy to apply. The spray can be applied to any surface in minutes.


What are the uses of waterproofing materials? ›

In buildings, waterproofing creates a barrier to prevent water passage on surfaces that have high contact with water such as foundations, roofs, and walls. Thanks to waterproofing, building surfaces are strengthened and waterproofed.

What is the advantage of waterproofing materials? ›

Waterproofing is essential to help reduce moisture levels in the interior surfaces, preventing water damage and structural breakdown across common surfaces such as walls, ceilings, basements, floors, rooftops and, bathrooms.

How many types of waterproofing are there? ›

What are the types of waterproofing? The most common types of waterproofing are cementitious waterproofing, liquid waterproofing membrane, bituminous membrane, bituminous coating, and polyurethane liquid membrane.

Which is the cheapest waterproofing method? ›

Bituminous Coating Waterproofing

It is the cheapest method of waterproofing. The bitumen is sprayed over the surface to provide a thin film that prevents the ingress of water.

What is the importance of waterproofing? ›

Waterproofing is a method which prevents water from penetrating your house. Waterproofing is very important as it helps keep your house dry. It helps reduce humidity inside the house and thereby protects things inside your house from damage caused due to humidity or water exposure.

What are the benefits of using waterproofing for residential buildings? ›

It prevents mold and mildew from getting into the walls and floor. This makes waterproofing essential to structural integrity and health. It reduces maintenance costs and clean-up. With waterproof structures, you have a lot less work to do when cleaning up after a heavy rainstorm or flood.

What is waterproofing used for in construction? ›

Waterproofing buildings is the method of forming a barrier over surfaces of foundations, roofs, walls and other structural members of buildings to prevent water penetrations through these surfaces. In summary, building surfaces are made water-resistant and waterproof.

What are the pros and cons of waterproofing membrane? ›

Liquid waterproofing membrane have the advantages , low cost and tremendous elongation however, the obvious drawbacks is the inconsistency in coverage. When applying the it, applicator need to take extra precaution to ensure the are able to achieve the minimum coverage.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of cementitious waterproofing? ›

You'll get better bonding and a more solid, durable coating. The chief disadvantage is that cementitious products have no give to them probably because cement just doesn't stretch to any degree worth mentioning. They will stand up fine to a head of water, but will tolerate almost no joint or crack movement.

What are the 4 steps to waterproofing? ›

4 Steps for Waterproofing Pools
  • Smooth the Substrate.
  • Clean the Substrate.
  • Apply the Waterproofing Membrane.
  • Test for Leaks.

How much does it cost to waterproof a base? ›

Average Cost to Waterproof a Basement

Per square foot, the average cost is $3 to $10. For minor fixes, costs can be as low as around $600, while at the same time extensive and involved waterproofing jobs can set some homeowners back by as much as $10,000.

How much does it cost to waterproof tiles? ›

Waterproofing a bathroom costs about $40 per square metre on average. If you have a medium-sized bathroom, you can expect to pay anywhere between $800 and $1,000 for professional waterproofing.

How much does it cost to waterproof a floor? ›

Waterproofing is a method of keeping soil moisture and liquid water from penetrating a basement foundation or floor. This can be done with special membranes, cement coatings, and many other methods. According to HomeAdvisor, waterproofing basements costs between $5 and $10 per square foot.

What are characteristics of good waterproofing material? ›

The materials for waterproofing in effect should have properties like water-tightness, flexibility, crack-bridging ability, bonding strength, breathability, resistance to UV radiations, microbial attacks, fungus growth, mechanical stresses, insulation characteristics and above all the cost effectiveness.

What are the benefits of basement waterproofing? ›

Waterproofing the basement eliminates many of the health risks associated with leaks, seepage, and water damage within the basement. Mold may grow in less than 48 hours, and if it isn't removed, it can cause a variety of health issues, including allergies, fever, headaches, asthma, and coughing.

What is positive and negative waterproofing? ›

Positive-side waterproofing by definition is applied to the outside (wet) face of the subsurface building components, by contrast to negative-side waterproofing which is applied to the inside (dry) face of the subsurface building components.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using membranes? ›

The advantages of membrane filtration are because, it is fast with low space requirement and saturation can be reused. The disadvantage with membrane filtration method has a limited lifetime before it happens fouling of the membrane and the cost is also excessive (21).

What are the advantages of waterproofing paint? ›

As evident from the name, waterproof paint keeps the water out. So, it prevents the growth of mould and fungi if you apply it correctly. This avoids detrimental effects on your home as well as health. Important tip: Before applying waterproof paint, make sure that the surface is dry.

What are the advantages of membrane waterproofing? ›

Waterproofing Membrane Benefits

Keeping water and other contaminants out of the structure helps increase the building's longevity and helps ensure the building is meeting or exceeding environmental safety recommendations and standards.

What are the disadvantages of bentonite waterproofing? ›

Bentonite waterproofing systems have the following disadvantages: Need for constant (high) hydrostatic pressure. Lack of dependable resistance to vapor migration. Limited options for future repairs or replacement.

What are the disadvantages of sheet membrane waterproofing? ›

Disadvantages of bituminous waterproofing membrane

They tend to crack and cause leakages due to weather changes. They may melt/loosen during the summertime and harden during winter time which leads to possible delamination and cracks.

What is Level 3 waterproofing? ›

Class 3 – Waterproof so tight it floats or can handle quick submersions. The product could be permeated by water in any of the following applications: prolonged submersion, submersions greater than 3 feet in depth, high water pressure applications.

What are waterproofing systems? ›

Waterproofing protects structures against water infiltration which can cause expensive and irreversible damage. It is mostly invisible after construction is completed.

What is Type 2 waterproofing? ›

512.09 Type 2 Membrane Waterproofing. This type of waterproofing consists of a rubberized asphalt and peel-and-stick waterproofing membrane 711.25. If the ambient temperature is below 50 °F (10 °C), use a manufacturer recommended primer coat for vertical surface application.

What is the best waterproofing for walls? ›

ISOMAT FLEXCOAT is the ideal solution for waterproofing of external surfaces against rain. It is a highly elastic, high quality water-soluble paint, based on acrylic elastomeric resins. ISOMAT FLEXCOAT makes walls totally impermeable by rain.

Which waterproofing is best for bathroom? ›

Nanosil. Nanosil is a solvent-free water-resistant product that suits best for bathroom waterproofing. This mixture is used on the surface before or after applying the paint. Also, it can be used before and after the construction.

What is the best basement waterproofing products? ›

When sealing basement floors and foundation walls the best concrete sealers to use are the Lithi-Tek 4500 primer followed by the Siloxa-Tek 8510 waterproofing sealer. If you are going to be installing flooring in the basement, it is best to use a moisture vapor barrier coating like the Vapor-Tek 440.

What is type C waterproofing? ›

A 'Type C' Waterproofing System is a maintainable waterproofing solution for new-build basements, refurbishment and retrofit projects. The Type C System comprises of two key components, a Cavity Drainage Membrane and Basement Drainage system.

What is Class 3 waterproofing? ›

Grade 3 – No dampness or water penetration is acceptable – Ventilated residential and commercial areas such as homes, offices, shops etc.

What is Type B waterproofing? ›

Type B Waterproofing refers to any integrated waterproofing system that results in the property/structure being waterproof by design. This usually means that the functionality of Type B waterproofing system is established at the waterproofing design stage and integrated during construction.

What is the cost of external wall waterproofing? ›

Residential: The lowest terrace waterproofing rate is Rs 75/- per sqft, the acceptable rate is Rs 200/- - Rs300/- per sqft, the rates are too high if it goes up to Rs 560/- per sqft.

What is the most expensive water proofing? ›

Polyurethane liquid membrane waterproofing

The last method of waterproofing is also the most expensive. Polyurethane liquid membrane waterproofing is used mainly on flat roofs.

How much does it cost to add waterproofing to a bathroom? ›

If you're wondering how much to waterproof a bathroom, the average cost is between $500 and $1,000, but it can be as much as $4,000. The overall price will depend on the size of the bathroom, scope of the project and materials used. Bathrooms are one of the most frequently used domestic wet areas in any home.

What is the best waterproofing for shower floor? ›

Generally, liquid waterproof membranes can be applied by home owners for a basic, quick, and economical means to waterproof your shower. If you are looking for a much more robust and longer-term service, going with some sheet membrane or foam backer board is most likely your best bet.

What is the best waterproof for toilet floor? ›

WPC and SPC Vinyl is a great waterproof option for bathrooms and other wet, high traffic areas. Vinyl can look like wood planks, stone, and even ceramic tile. WPC and SPC Vinyl flooring are rigidcore products, combining the durability, scratch resistance and waterproof features of vinyl.

What is the cheapest way to waterproof a basement? ›

Paint: The easiest and usually least expensive option for waterproofing is painting the interior walls and floor of the basement with a waterproof paint. These paints are typically acrylic-based and adhere well while also creating a barrier against water.

What is used to waterproof basement walls? ›

Sealants and epoxy injections are widely considered band-aid fixes, but some homeowners opt for these methods when a drainage system isn't in their budget. These masonry waterproofing products are applied to basement walls to prevent moisture from seeping.

Which is the best waterproofing for sump? ›

Nitocote CM210 is a flexible cementitious coating, used forwaterproofing water retaining structures and water excludingstructures. Nitocote CM210 provides a flexible waterproof coating suitablefor use in potable water tanks, reservoirs, canals and culverts.


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